The painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo and of various rooms by Raphael in the Apostolic Palace are considered among the masterworks that mark the High Renaissance in Rome. He was eager to extend the power of the Papacy after years of decline. Date Created: 1518-1519. Melissa Snell is a historical researcher and writer specializing in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. In recent years, Venice had extended its power in Northern Italy at the expense of the Papal States. Later Cesare was sent to Spain and the power of the Borgia’s in Italy was broken forever. [6], Julius built a large Papal army and formed a military and diplomatic alliance called the League of Cambrai. Selecting Bartolomeo Giudiccioni as his vicar general, the Cardinal took seriously the obligation of governing the diocese and decided to change his private way of life. It included many major Italian states and France. Julius was born Giuliano della Rovere. Venice was becoming increasingly powerful and was threatening the balance of powerin Italy. The art-loving pope sponsored the construction of many fine buildings in Rome and encouraged the inclusion of new art in several notable churches. Julius II became concerned even before the Cambrai League’s victory at Agnadello of the growing power of the French. Now Julius sought to drive the French from Italy, but in this he was less successful. He stabilized the Papal States and held the French Empire at bay. Pope Julius II was a towering figure in Italian and European politics. In 1468, Giuliano followed his uncle Francesco into the Franciscan order. He proved to be an able administrator and helped to reform the government of the Papal States. However, while this made it easier to govern the Papal States, Julius lacked the powerful enough city-state to challenge the French after the defeat of Venice. He also became known as "the warrior pope" and il papa terribile. What was the role of the Popes in the Renaissance? In order to curb the growing power of the French he formed a new alliance, that became known as the Holy League. Tracy Cosgriff, assistant professor of art and art history. Julius did not neglect the Papacy and the Church. He was well aware that the Church was corrupt and sought to dramatically reform it. He went so far as to put on armor and lead troops into battle against the princes who had carved up the Papal States. From the beginning, Julius II set out to defeat the various powers that challenged his temporal authority; in a series of complicated stratagems, he first succeeded in rendering it impossible for the Borgias to retain their power over the Papal States. Although Michelangelo completed a tomb for Julius, the pope was instead interred in St. Peter's near his uncle, Sixtus IV. Without the League the French were once again able to regain their control of Northern Italy after the defeat of the Swiss at Marignano in 1515. 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