We never found a single tick on Jim! Very effective against bedbugs, it is used only with professional disinsection, positive reviews. The first place I thought to check was Tractor Supply — but they only had the kind for vegetation. The reason: Permethrin does not bond to skin. However, the studies involved mixing permethrin with DEET and applying it directly to the skin of mice that were then given military vaccines. Permethrin has a much shorter residual vs bifenthrin. But not everyone applies it correctly. 4 Differences Between Permethrin Vs. Deet; 5 Precautions & Safety Measures to Observe. Springtime is tick time. People can have skin exposure or breathe in products containing permethrin while applying the products, or during public health mosquito control efforts. So any time that I think my personal health experiences would be helpful to someone else going through the same thing, I will share my story here. The linking of SHEDS version 4 model to pyrethroid PBPK/PD models (permethrin, cypermethrin, and cyfluthrin) was proposed by Tornero-Velez et al. Pyrethrum is also the name of a natural insecticide containing pyrethrins that is made from the dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and Chrysanthemum coccineum. We are inundated with so many DEET repellents because there are several huge corporations that manufacture hundreds of variations of DEET products. Top of Page. An extensive review of pyrethroid metabolism by Kaneko 121 may be found … So, I ran back home and hopped on the Internet where I found 2 places that sell cans of Permethrin spray for clothing and gear: Amazon and eBay. Findings For susceptible A. gambiae, alpha-cypermethrin had the fastest knock-down effect. Treating Your Own Clothing. Bean shirts and jeans factory-treated with permethrin, which works better on ticks than it does on black flies and mosquitoes. These are some of the interesting things I’ve learned about the chemical Permethrin: Permethrin has low mammalian toxicity, is poorly absorbed through the skin, and is rapidly inactivated by the body. A synthetic pyrethroid insecticide rather than a true repellent, Tests on ticks conducted in Massachusetts concluded that, When placed on clothing, Permethrin spray will last 2 to 6 weeks (up to 1 year with special application). the effects of cypermethrin on the sexual behaviour and plasma level of pituitary-gonadal hormones of adult male mice. Permethrin is one of those man-made copies of the natural insecticide. ... Cypermethrin belongs to a class of insecticides known as synthetic pyrethroids, found in Cynoff EC, Cynoff WP, Cyper TC Termiticide, Cyper WP, and Demon WP pesticide concentrates. It’s very potent. Permethrin SFR 36.8% is a diverse, economical, and efficient insecticide that will ensure bugs like mosquitoes, flies, spiders, and others are destroyed. Pyrethroids are similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrum (plants of the genus Chrysanthemum). Always refer to manufacturers label and use instructions. Mosquito nets treated with permethrin, deltamethrin or alpha-cypermethrin at 25 mg/m(2) were evaluated in experimental huts in an area of rice irrigation near Moshi, in northern Tanzania. We expect to complete the registration review of permethrin in 2017. 7 years ago. oz. As soon as we got in the car, we found one on me (on my back, around the bra line). (Yes, I get my screenings too.) per gallon of water (0.25%) to treat 1,000 square feet. Permethrin Products. Imidacloprid foliar can be absorbed by leaves in a day or less if LI700 is in the tank. Because of this, Permethrin spray offers no repellent benefit on your skin. Most Permethrin is agricultural which is for pest control on vegetation. Many people use permethrin on clothing as a way to prevent tick and mosquito bites. The insecticide works using permethrin, which will kill mosquitoes and other pests on contact. That’s pretty typical. information and discussion about Lyme disease. Do a tick check after walking in high-risk areas. It appears tha punks are into chemicals. Contact the National Pesticide Telecommunications Network. If I were only doing lawns, permethrin would be the cheapest, but I do lots of ornamental treaments. Yep, deep in the woods — where the ticks run rampant! Duranon Tick Repellent, Repel Permanone, Cutter Outdoorsman Gear Guard, Permethrin Tick Repellent) — which is for use only on clothing or other fabrics such as mosquito netting or tents. Facts About Permethrin. Permethrin vs Cypermethrin Therefore both Cypermethrin and Permethrin are the pyrethroid insecticide powder and similar to the pyrethrum, natural insecticide. Ticks, fleas, lice and mosquitoes do carry lots of diseases that permethrin and other insecticides can help prevent, she says: "All sorts of things that we … It is easily degraded on soil and plants but can be effective for weeks when applied to indoor inert surfaces. Permethrin-containing products that are approved for human use are manufactured by Coulston labs, and can be found under labels such as Duranon, Permanone, and Congo Creek Tick Spray. Permethrin has been registered by the EPA since 1979. Each aerosol can contains 6 ounces of .5% Permethrin and covers 2 outfits — shirts, pants, socks, shoes, and hats. Orthene products work by disrupting the transmission of nerve impulses in their victims. So any time that I think my personal health experiences would be helpful to someone else going through the same thing, I will share my story here. Permethrin is an insecticide similar to the natural insecticide, pyrethrum, which is found in chrysanthemums. : Never use on cats pipettes approved only for dogs. I do my best to provide my own raw and honest firsthand experiences that I think others would appreciate hearing about and (hopefully) find helpful. I sprayed my jeans, long-sleeve shirt, and shoes thoroughly with OFF a few minutes before we entered the woods. Permethrin Pro: for use on carpets, lawns; kills termites, powderpost beetles, Oleander Caterpillars, Fleas, Ticks. Permethrin Pro: for use on carpets, lawns; kills termites, powderpost beetles, Oleander Caterpillars, Fleas, Ticks. This is applied as a suspension in water or oil, or as a powder. Many people respond to their fears of West Nile Virus and Lyme Disease (as well as their annoyance of chigger bites) by slathering on insect repellent, and quite often drenching their children in the stuff too. Cypermethrin vs Alphacypermethrin. It behaves as a fast-acting neurotoxin in insects. The use of one without the other will undermine the system and increase the risk of insect or tick bite. With health issues that I've personally experienced (like Endometriosis, Lyme Disease, Hysterectomy, Skin Cancer, Ganglion Cysts, Autism, and other topics that very few people enjoy talking about) and health products that I've found beneficial (like sleep aids, essential oils, and medications)… I do my best to provide my own raw and honest firsthand experiences that I think others would appreciate hearing about and (hopefully) find helpful. The products that are currently available contain DEET, permethrin or picaridin. Cypermethrin (CP) is a synthetic pyrethroid used as an insecticide in large-scale commercial agricultural applications as well as in consumer products for domestic purposes. Essenstially, pyrethroid insecticides are chemically stabilized forms of the natural pyrethrins. And we’re not only talking ticks, we’re talking about mosquitoes and a whole bunch of other creepy-crawly, biting creatures." Yep, even with the DEET. Permethrin is the most widely used mosquito adulticide in the U.S. and is used to treat 9 to 10 million acres annually (out of 32-39 million acres treated with a mosquito adulticide). It can effectively kill the parasites. It was first synthesized in 1974. The formulations are not interchangeable mostly because of solvents utilized. Thoroughly wet grass with water a few hours before applying Permethrin 10% Rapid Kill Insecticide Concentrate. When I'm not writing about health topics, you will find me sharing Good News & Fun Times as publisher of The Fun Times Guide (32 fun & helpful websites). When we only use a product with 30% DEET, we almost always find 2 to 4 ticks on each of us. Some Permethrin is formulated for treatment of medical conditions such as head lice and scabies. The dried flower are crushed and mixed with water, and this mixture can then be used as a pyrethrum spray. Consumer Reports has the tips for safe and effective use. We also register products that consumers can spray on clothing to repel mosquitoes and ticks. It is the tick repellent of choice by the military. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'thefuntimesguide_com-box-3','ezslot_13',803,'0','0'])); We recently purchased yet another piece of land — to potentially build a log home on. Dragnet is a popular insecticide created to have little odour and to be used very broadly for eradication of ants, cockroaches, bees and a range of other insects around lawns, gardens and homes. But this time, we asked a couple of people “in the know” (like land surveyors and land developers) about the best tick repellent for humans — because products with DEET just weren’t cutting it for us. DEET is applied directly to the skin and can be absorbed through the skin. I'm grateful that I have a number of friends who have also been willing to share their very personal stories here — regarding their own physical and emotional health. Professionally, I pursued my Masters Degree in Family Therapy at Texas Tech -- where I obtained invaluable expertise and experience helping people with a wide variety of physical and emotional health issues. How to Get Rid of Ticks . Never use on small dogs pipettes approved for large dogs. Acephate is an organophosperous compound, the most common kind of chemical compound found in insecticides today. For resistant A. gambiae, the knock-down effect was slightly slower with alpha-cypermethrin and much reduced following exposure to the other insecticides, particularly bifenthrin and permethrin. The veterinary products tend to cost about half the price per ounce as the human-use product. Hubby and I now use Permethrin instead of DEET-based products to repel ticks and mosquitoes. Veterinary products are designed to adhere to animal skins/hair or premises and are not for fabric application. Each of the above products are recommended by Kirby C. Stafford III, Ph.D. of The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station: Several products contain 0.5% Permethrin (e.g. Permethrin vs DEET. Permethrin works more as an insecticide by disrupting the neurons in the brains of the ticks so that they die. It can be applied indoors as well to treat for hard to eliminate pests like fleas and bed bugs. In general, the higher the concentration the higher the protection, but, DEET will repel ticks and decrease the chances of tick bite, but depending upon the concentration, it, Concentrations of DEET that might prevent tick attachment. Both have different uses and different application specifications. 4 Differences Between Permethrin Vs. Deet; 5 Precautions & Safety Measures to Observe. And a few hours later we found another one on me — in about the same location. Skin reactions have been uncommon. Permethrin caused virtually no mortality in the San Roman strain, even at the highest concentration (3294 µg cm −2). Permethrin smells only until it dries. I HATE them. When I go fishing, I wear L.L. Dogs may be exposed to permethrin in products that are applied to their skin for flea and tick treatments. Ticks that made contact with the Duranon-sprayed shoe immediately rolled up and dropped off. Bifenthrin vs. Permethrin – the similarities You will have noted by now that these chemicals have the same course of action and benefits. The most important thing to remember when treating for mosquitoes is that they hang out on the underside of leaves and shrubs. It is applied to the skin as a cream or lotion. Bill. (More about that below. Sipaz Super is a foreign remedy with a lot of cypermethrin. Permethrin works instantly and is extremely effective. The answer we kept getting was: Permethrin spray. Also, bifenthrin has some activity against, broad mite, eriophyid mite and spider mite, especially if tank mixed with Ultrafine oil. 120 at a USEPA FIFRA Science Advisory Panel (SAP) meeting. While Permethrin is fairly safe to humans when used properly, it is very toxic to cats, fish and aquatic life in general! If I were only doing lawns, permethrin would be the cheapest, but I do lots of ornamental treaments. A PBPK/PD model published by Godin et al. Making your own Permethrin based mosquito spray good up to 30 days – using an Orthro Dial’nSpray and 10% Permethrin solution. Goods from USA. For resistant A. gambiae, the knock- down effect was slightly slower with alpha-cypermethrin and much reduced following exposure to the other insecticides, particularly bifenthrin and permethrin. Sound Bite #3 - TICK PREVENTION/PERMETHRIN (Dr. Abinash Virk, Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases) "If you have this treated clothing on you and you have insect repellent on your skin, the likelihood you’re gonna get bitten is pretty much gone. Natural Pyrethrin Two species of chrysanthemum flowers, C. cinerariaefolium and C. cineum, provide the pyrethrins for the commercial production of insecticides. Permethrin may be eaten if people forget to wash their hands after using products that contain permethrin. The nets treated with permethrin offered the highest per … As an insecticide, it can be sprayed on clothing or mosquito nets to kill the insects that touch them.. Side effects include rash and irritation at the area of use. Its design purpose is to stick to plants thus protecting the plants. Their phone number is 800-858-7378. Pasadena, TX 77507 : FOR FIRE, SPILL, AND/OR LEAK EMERGENCIES CONTACT: CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300 FOR MEDICAL EMERGENCIES AND HEALTH AND SAFETY INQUIRIES CONTACT: Safety Call 1-866-897-8050: SECTION 2: HAZARD(S) IDENTIFICATION : EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: White liquid with no odor. Nervous system. In fact, it is quickly deactivated by skin and turned into inactive compounds. Just a few parts per million can send game fish like salmon and trout to the other end of the fish tank. The Department of Defense system consists of both Permethrin treated clothing and DEET applied to skin. Permethrin’s widespread use can be attributed to its low cost, high effectiveness, … Permethrin has been implicated in possibly contributing to the Gulf War syndrome. DEET does not kill or disable ticks and is a poor repellent. 3.1 How to Apply Permethrin Products to Your Dog? Permethrin employed at the professional level, as in Dragnet, contains about 36 per cent of the chemically active ingredient. Pyrethroids, including cypermethrin were designed to be effective longer than pyrethrins. Symptoms of exposure include dizziness, nausea, headaches, and seizures. Unlike permethrin, DEET works more as a repellent than an insecticide. (Ditto for preventing mosquito bites.). Talstar, Bifen IT, Permethrin SFR, Tengard SFR, Dragnet SFR, Steri-Fab - the first generation of pyrethroids. Treatment will last from 2 to 6 weeks and withstand weekly detergent washing. So I often write about the health screenings that we all should be getting -- to help catch potential health issues early. I want everyone to live their best life... for as long as possible. We are inundated with so many DEET repellents because there are several huge corporations that manufacture hundreds of variations of DEET products. (Permethrin is also available in an aerosol spray, used to repel ticks on clothing)"Professional Grade Permethrin" is a term we use for Permethrin products that contain at least 36% active ingredients. Permethrin insecticides are available in creams, lotions, and sprays. Permethrin insecticide kills ticks that get in contact with surfaces that have been treated with Permethrin. Both repel biting insects but Permethrin is a pesticide created for commercial use. Permethrin is a synthetic chemical, used as an insecticide, acaricide, and insect repellent. The main source is Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium. The flowers are pulverized and the active components, the pyrethrins, are extracted and sold in the form of an oleoresin. Permethrin is applied to clothing only and has limited contact to the skin. In general, it has a low mammalian toxicity and is poorly absorbed by skin. Permethrin is applied to clothing only and has limited contact to the skin. Be sure to take care not to handle any fishing tackle once you have applied mosquito repellent. Permethrin is used to control a variety of external parasites, including ticks, lice, gnats, and flies. As nouns the difference between cypermethrin and permethrin is that cypermethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide and acaricide while permethrin is a synthetic insecticide, c 21 h 20 cl 2 o 3, used to treat head lice, nits, scabies, and in flea collars. Zeta-Cypermethrin. Or you can try one of our other natural flea and tick spray recipes! Even though it might cause some skin irritation, it is not dangerous or unsafe for adults or children over two months of age. They found that the ticks were affected immediately. The 32-oz (946-ml) bottle will be capable of treating an area of 5,000 sq. Permethrin works equally well on mosquitoes, chiggers and other arthropods. Also, bifenthrin has some activity against, broad mite, eriophyid mite and spider mite, especially if tank mixed with Ultrafine oil. Very effective against bedbugs, it is used only with professional disinsection, positive reviews. (Permethrin is also available in an aerosol spray, used to repel ticks on clothing)"Professional Grade Permethrin" is a term we use for Permethrin products that contain at least 36% active ingredients. Permethrin . Permethrin, sold under the brand name Nix among others, is a medication and insecticide. Permethrin is available in a 13.3 percent solution and in a 10 percent solution. OSHA HCS … DEET can melt synthetic clothes like nylon. Treating Your Own Clothing. Permethrin is listed as a "restricted use" substance by the United States Environmental Protection Agency due to its high toxicity to aquatic organisms. These are some of the interesting things I’ve learned about the chemical DEET: Our land surveyor friend said to look for Permethrin “at the Co-op”. Permethrin is also highly toxic to cats, and flea and tick-repellent formulas intended and labeled for (the more resistant) dogs may contain permethrin and cause feline permethrin toxicosis in cats. Permethrin SFR 36.8% is safe to apply around animal shelters, farms, and many residential areas. As a medication, it is used to treat scabies and lice. Permethrin works instantly and is extremely effective. These are some of the interesting things I’ve learned about the chemical Permethrin:. So, after a 1-hour long walk in the woods, did we find any ticks on us??? This means we will soon be seeing those cautionary ads on television telling us to use tick repellents. Permethrin smells only until it dries. Top of Page. We are in a heavily wooded area and the commercial Permethrin based hose spray worked well for us. Bifenthrin, used to spray yards, and permethrin, used mostly to treat clothing to repel ticks, are similar. In June 2011, we initiated a new review of all permethrin uses, called registration review, opening docket EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0039. Permethrin is hard to find and more expensive. Consumer Reports has tested the effectiveness of permethrin-treated clothing but only for its ability to stop the bites of mosquitoes, not ticks. 2 Why Ticks Are Dangerous to Dogs; 3 How Does Permethrin Work? They kill ants, cockroaches, beetles, bees, silverfish, crickets, scorpion termites, millipedes, ticks, spiders, flies, earwigs, and many other insects. But not everyone applies it correctly. Cypermethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide used to kill insects on cotton and lettuce, and to kill cockroaches, fleas, and termites in houses and other buildings. Talstar, Bifen IT, Permethrin SFR, Tengard SFR, Dragnet SFR, Steri-Fab - the first generation of pyrethroids. Just a few parts-per-million can repel more fish than mosquitoes! Cypermethrin is a synthetic chemical similar to the pyrethrins in pyrethrum extract (which comes from the chrysanthemum plant). Both pesticides can kill a broad range of pests, like ticks, fleas, cockroaches, mosquitoes, and flies. It behaves as a fast-acting neurotoxin in insects. Applies to permethrin topical: topical cream, topical kit, topical lotion, topical solution, topical spray. Cypermethrin is toxic to the nervous system. 2 Why Ticks Are Dangerous to Dogs; 3 How Does Permethrin Work? The pyrethrins are a pair of organic compounds (pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II) that occur in the seed cases of the pyrethrum. Pyrethroids, including cypermethrin … For some reason I'm a tick-magnet. In fact, the guy at the Tractor Supply store called it a “nerve agent” that you should never get on your skin. Synthetic pyrethroids are man-made insecticides created to mimic the chemical properties of the naturally-occurring insecticide pyrethrum, which comes from the crushed petals of … Permethrin As a synthetic pyrethroid, Zeta-Cypermethrin is a contact insecticide which provides quick results for knockdown of pests. 1 0. DEET is applied directly to the skin and can be absorbed through the skin. Personally, I think it's useful when people realize that they're not the only one going through a difficult time. Permethrin is the active ingredient in various synthetic insecticides used to control ant, fleas, ticks, scale insects, webworms, tent caterpillars, aphids, grasshoppers and mealybugs. Cypermethrin (CP) is a synthetic pyrethroid used as an insecticide in large-scale commercial agricultural applications as well as in consumer products for domestic purposes. Once it is sprayed on our clothing, it becomes odorless and can last for several weeks with a single application. He made sure not to get any on his skin. Source. Permethrin, resmethrin, and d-phenothrin (Sumithrin®) are synthetic pyrethroids commonly used in mosquito control programs to kill adult mosquitoes. What is cypermethrin used for? Copyright © 2004-2021 The Fun Times Guide | Privacy Policy | About | Contact | Sitemap, basic tick prevention and removal methods, Permethrin works primarily by killing ticks on contact with the clothes, causes no damage to any known cloth or synthetic fiber, ticks that crossed only 10 inches of treated fabric, Permethrin spray is applied to exterior clothing where it dries and bonds to the cloth fiber, will even last through weekly launderings, best form of prevention against tick-borne diseases, Permethrin is virtually non-toxic to humans, Permethrin spray offers no repellent benefit on your skin, the most effective, broad-spectrum repellent, the risk of negative health effects goes up, too, may not provide total protection against I. scapularis, may not deter a tick from walking across the skin to unexposed and untreated areas, 30% and 20% DEET was found to be 92% and 86% effective, It is more effective to use lower concentrations of DEET with more frequent application. Spray your shoes, socks, belt-line, collar and hat with a permethrin-containing tick repellent. Read the article on imidacloprid safety and/or on permethrin safety in this site. Cypermethrin has a more toxic effect. Ticks, fleas, lice and mosquitoes do carry lots of diseases that permethrin and other insecticides can help prevent, she says: "All sorts of things that we … Source. It is only effective when used as a clothing treatment. And if we spend a lot of time in really thick woods (which we didn’t on this trip), then we usually find 5 to 10 on each of us. Permethrin is one of those man-made copies of the natural insecticide. Both DEET and permethrin have come under criticism for possible human side effects. Neither are very toxic to mammals if precautions are taken. We also register products that consumers can spray on clothing to repel mosquitoes and ticks. Permethrin kills a broad range of pests, such as fleas, mosquitoes and ticks. Proper permethrin clothing treatment requires 3 to 6 ounces to be applied. So the bug is not able to detect carbon dioxide which leads it to its prey, thus it’s not able to find a victim to bite. Cypermethrin What is cypermethrin? Consumer Reports has the tips for safe and effective use. Permethrin-Free Flea Bandana Or Collar. Symptoms of exposure include dizziness, nausea, headaches, and seizures. Insideous little buggers. Local. WARNING !!! Cypermethrin is toxic to the nervous system. Sipaz Super is a foreign remedy with a lot of cypermethrin. Source. The veterinary products tend to cost about half the price per ounce as the human-use product. It, Permethrin is the best tick repellent for humans and the, DEET comes in many different concentrations, with percentages as low as 5% or as high as 100%. Wondering which insect repellent to use to prevent getting Lyme disease? There is only one small company, Coulston Laboratory, that markets a handful of competitive tick repellent products for human use that contain 0.5 % permethrin. Bifen I/T would also be a better solution then permethrin because permethrin breaks down quicker in sunlight and the Bifen I/T only needs to be applied every 30 days whereas permethrin would need to be applied every two weeks. Armyworms, ticks, cutworms, chinch bugs, fleas, Sod Webworms. Cypermethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide. DEET has a detectable odor. ... permethrin is a fourth generation synthetic and a type П pyrethroid in common and widespread use today. Natural Pyrethrin Two species of chrysanthemum flowers, C. cinerariaefolium and C. cineum, provide the pyrethrins for the commercial production of insecticides. 110 involving deltamethrin may be used as a template for pyrethroids. Hours: 9:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. EST or 6:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. PST. It was first synthesized in 1974. Permethrin works for weeks after it has dried inside clothing fibers. Cypermethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide. Researcher and entomologist Lars Eisen tells NPR that they let several species of ticks loose on different types of clothing treated with permethrin. Permethrin insecticides should be used only when nec… After applying the fogging solution, it will work for up to four weeks, keeping your outdoor space insect-free. Although Permethrin is approved for skin application under certain circumstances (such as head lice), it is NOT applied to skin when used as an insect repellent. Bifen I / T would also be a better solution then permethrin because permethrin breaks down quicker in sunlight and the Bifen I / T only needs to be applied every 30 days whereas permethrin would need to be applied every two weeks. Introduction Ticks typically feed for lengthy periods on vertebrate hosts, causing anaemia and enabling the transmission of more diseases than vectored by any other group of haematopha-gous arthropods (Obenchain & Galun, 1982). What is cypermethrin? Many people choose to use DEET as a preventative, which works to repel ticks, fleas, mosquitoes and other biting insects. It may be that permethrin is excreted from the human body slightly more easily. There are pros and cons to each product, but as a tick repellent, permethrin wins hands down. Ticks on the soaking-wet DEET saturated shoe continued to crawl unimpaired. Following is everything we’ve learned firsthand about Permethrin tick spray, how it has worked for us so as a tick repellent & mosquito repellent, and where we buy it…. Isomer vs Alphacypermethrin . Professionally, I pursued my Masters Degree in Family Therapy at Texas Tech — where I obtained invaluable expertise and experience helping people with a wide variety of physical and emotional health issues. It comes in a ready-to-use formula with a nozzle that lets you use the solution with just a garden hose. On my back, around homes, sheds and barns on a variety of.... Is only effective when used as a suspension in water or oil, or during public health mosquito programs. Has a low mammalian toxicity and is deactivated and made less effective by the flowers pyrethrum. About basic tick prevention and removal methods before or breathe in products that consumers can spray on to!, C. cinerariaefolium and C. cineum, provide the pyrethrins for the commercial production of insecticides the! Home lawns should be no taller than 3 inches at the highest concentration ( 3294 cm! A low mammalian toxicity and is deactivated and made less effective by the oils on our.... 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